|Russian aviation in WW1 and Civilian War|
|Илья Муромец||Ilya Murometz (the 1st flight in 1913 !) was a 4-engined tractor biplane of gigantic size designed by Sikorsky and built by Russo-Balt factory in Riga, Russian Empire. It was an excellent aircraft for long-range recon and bomb (starting from V version, which had the bombsights installed) missions. Ilya Murometz's endurance equaled 4..5 hours with the bombs or 10 hours for reconnaissance. The bombload consisted of multiple small bombs or several big bombs (160, 240, 400 and even 640 kg i.e. 300, 400, 750 and 1200 lbs). The bombsights accuracy was excellent with 60..90% of the bombs hit a targets. Another instruments were very good too, ones allowed even to perform night operations from the begin of the war. Defensive armament was upgraded during the war and consist of 3..8 machineguns and automatic rifles).|
|Details (data and photos)|
Starting from G-series IM had the spherical area of defensive fire.
That was quite enough to hold the enemy fighters away: only one IM (the commander - lt. Maksheyev)
was shot down by the interceptors during the war, and Germans lost 3 planes of 4 in this battle (Sept. 12, 1916).
In total the IMs have shot down at least 12 German and Austrian planes.|
The 1st air combat of IM was on 19th July 1915, when the plane of lt. Bashko was attaked by 3 Branderburgs and shot down 1 of them. The IM was damaged, but landed with only 2 engines working.
in June 6, 1915 alone Ilya Murometz was attacked by 3 Heinkels and shot down 2 of them.
a modern replica of Ilya Muromets - click to enlarge
The Nieuports (French and Russian built ones) were over 50% of the Russian planes.
Nieuport 17 and Sopwith 1,5-strutter aircrafts of red army 25RAO
During the war some russian squadrons were united in 'combat air groups' (BAG):
1BAG (2KAO, 4KAO, 19KAO)
2BAG (3KAO, 7KAO, 8KAO)
3BAG (1KAO, 11KAO, 22KAO)
4BAG (5AOI, 13AOI, 15AOI)
Also captured German Albatros B, C; Rumpler; L.V.G.; Brandenburg C; Aviatik; Roland;
Flying boats Fridrichsgaven-49c, Brandenburg-Hanza, GW, W-12, W-25, W-32, Sablatnig-5;
Austrian Berg; Bristol; Schneider;
British and French R.E.8; Avro 504; D.H.4, D.H.9; Breguet 14; Salmsom 2a; LWF V Wilson-Sturtevan were used.
There were even some sqds, completely equipped with a captured planes.
And a number of Russian improved version of the captured German Albatros C "Lebed XII" was built.
Russian white Nieuport, Sopwith and Voisin planes of Russian white Kuban army
During Civilian War and Intervertion a number of foreign planes were captured and used:
British Sopwith Pup, Camel, Snipe; S.E.5a; Fairy
German Fokker D.VII, D.VIII (E.V); Albatros D; Halberstadt C, D; Austrian Oefagg D.III;
Italian Balilla; etc.
Nieuport and Farman-30 aircrafts of Russian white Don army
Russian ballons and dirigibles
|Russian/Soviet air symbols|
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